Marriott School Editing & Usage Guide
Updated June 2010
The Marriott School editing and usage guide is used for print and web publications such as Marriott Alumni Magazine, department newsletters and blogs, and the school web site. It is also provided as a resource for the media.
This guide aims to cover exceptions and items not sufficiently
covered in other guides. For items not outlined here, consult the latest
edition of the Chicago
Manual of Style or the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary.
For news releases, consult the Associated
Press Stylebook. Other helpful guides include the BYU Style Guide and The Church
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Name Style Guide.
CAPITALIZATION: Do not capitalize the definite article the
before Marriott School or school. When used as a
secondary reference without Marriott or Brigham Young,
school (or the school) and university (or the
university) should not be capitalized.
Example: Jones graduated in 1998 with a master of accountancy degree from the Marriott School. He was one of the school's top students.
DESCRIPTIONS: The Marriott School should be referred to as a business
school. However, references to the school of management or
management school are permitted, particularly when referring to the
master of public administration program.
Examples: According to BusinessWeek magazine, the Marriott School is one of the nation's leading business schools.
HISTORY: The Marriott School was named after benefactors J. Willard
and Alice S. Marriott in 1988. Degrees earned at BYU before 1988 are
from BYU and not the Marriott School.
Example: Johnson earned his BS in accounting from BYU in 1986 and his MBA from the Marriott School in 1990.
TITLES: Official letterhead, envelopes, etc. should read Marriott School, Brigham Young University. If the title appears on separate lines of text, the words Marriott School should appear on the first line, with Brigham Young University on the line below.A
Examples: BA, Bachelor of Arts
CAPITALIZATION: The names of academic degrees and honors should be capitalized when following a personal name, whether abbreviated or written in full (Chicago 15.20):
Example: Joseph Hershall, MD, presented the award.
Also capitalize the name of a degree when it is preceded by BYU
or the Marriott School.
Examples: He joined the Marriott School's Master of Business Administration program last year.
But when academic degrees are referred to in such general terms as bachelor's degree, master of business administration, etc. they are not capitalized (Chicago 8.32).
Example: She earned her bachelor's degree from the Marriott School in 2001.
Lowercase honors such as cum laude, magna cum laude, and summa cum laude.
Example: She graduated summa cum laude in 2009.
POSSESSIVE: Do not use the possessive unless directly modifying degree.
Examples: bachelor's degree
PUNCTUATION: Omit the periods on all degree names (Chicago
Example: He earned his MBA in finance at Brigham Young University.
USAGE: Do not use the name of a degree to refer to a person (so,
instead of MBA, use MBA student, etc.).
Example: Most first-year MBA students participated in the event.
See also MAcc ; majors ; MBA .
academic semesters and terms Lowercase fall
semester, spring term, etc. Capitalize the season when
referring to a specific semester.
Examples: There is a surge of students each fall semester.
Accenture Formerly Andersen Consulting, a branch of
Arthur Andersen, this large technology consulting firm became known as
Accenture on 1 January 2001.
Example: With its recently gained independence from Arthur Andersen, Accenture is free to consult AA's clients without upsetting the SEC.
See also Andersen .
accounting, accountancy The examples below
demonstrate the preferred usage for these two terms.
Examples: She is an accounting major.
See also School of Accountancy .
Aerospace Studies, Department of When preceded by BYU
or Marriott School, capitalize and include of.
In all other references, lowercase and use aerospace studies
department or simply the department.
Example: The BYU Department of Aerospace Studies is located here. The aerospace studies department is a part of the Marriott School. The department recently won two awards.
See also Air Force ROTC ; departments.
Air Force ROTC In first references, use BYU Air
Force Reserve Officer Training Corps or Air Force ROTC. In
secondary references, you can use AFROTC.
alumna, alumni, alumnus Alumna is a female
singular noun. Alumni is a plural noun. Alumnus is a
male singular noun. The shortened alum may be used to refer to
any of these.
Examples: She is a BYU alumna.
a.m., p.m. Lowercase and use periods (Chicago
9.42). Avoid the redundant 10 a.m. in the morning or 12
noon (noon or midnight alone are sufficient).
Examples: Devotional will be held at 11:05 a.m.
See also time .
Andersen Formerly Arthur Andersen, Andersen was one
of the Big Five accounting firms. The name change was announced 5 March
Example: Shortly after Andersen Consulting changed its name to Accenture, Arthur Andersen, the parent company with the rights to the name, simplified its name to Andersen.
See also Accenture ; Big Five ; Big Four .
Army ROTC In first references, use BYU Army
Reserve Officer Training Corps or Army ROTC. In secondary
references, you can use ROTC.
awards Names of awards and prizes are capitalized,
but some terms used with names are not (Chicago 8.89).
Examples: Nobel Prize
Example: The mission of the Ballard Center for Economic Self-Reliance is to bring practitioners, scholars, and the community together to help families throughout the world become economically self-reliant. The center was named after Melvin J. Ballard in 2010.
See also centers.
Big Five This term is no longer used unless referring to the past.See also Big Four .
Big Four Big Four refers to the four largest accounting and professional services firms: Ernst & Young, KPMG, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and Deloitte & Touche. According to The New York Times article on 27 December 2002, the fallout of Arthur Andersen shrank the Big Five to the Big Four.
Capitalize the B and F but not subsequent terms like accounting firm.
Bloomberg BusinessWeek In October 2009 media conglomerate Bloomberg LP bought BusinessWeek magazine from McGraw–Hill and in April 2010 redesigned and relaunched the magazine as Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Quotations from and references to these publications should reflect this change. Do not italicize the company name of Bloomberg except when part of the title of Bloomberg BusinessWeek.
B-school See Marriott School of Management.
building Do not capitalize building or
other words such as avenue, boulevard, bridge,
church, fountain, hotel, park, room,
square, street, or theater unless as part of an
official or formal name. Avoid the abbreviation bldg.
Examples: The N. Eldon Tanner Building, completed in early 1983, is the first Brigham Young University academic building to be financed completely by contributions. The building was renovated in 2008.
Business Management, Department of When preceded by
BYU or Marriott School, capitalize and include of.
In all other references, lowercase and use business management
department or simply the department.
Example: The BYU Department of Business Management is located on the sixth floor. The business management department is a part of the Marriott School. The department has a number of professors who publish in top journals.
See also departments.
business school See Marriott School of Management.
BusinessWeek See Bloomberg BusinessWeek.
BYU–Idaho Use an en dash.
BYU–Hawaii Use an en dash.C
Example: The Rollins Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology will be sponsoring the event. The center has sponsored five events this year.
century Particular centuries are spelled out and
lowercased (Chicago 9.36).
Example: Sustainability is a hot topic for twenty-first-century businesses.
chapter See Management Society.
chief officers When referring to the chief officers
of an organization in headlines, titles, and text, spell out first
references to all titles except CEO. After the first reference,
the acronyms of other titles may also be used.
Example: Appointed chief information officer in 1980 by the CEO and president of his company, Johnson was the most senior CIO at the conference.
church The official name of the church that sponsors Brigham Young University is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
CHURCH TERMINOLOGY: The following list includes commonly used
church-specific terms and their proper spelling and capitalization.
112th Annual General Conference
HISTORY: The name of the church was given by revelation from God to
Joseph Smith in 1838. While the term Mormon Church has long
been publicly applied to the church as a nickname, it is not an
authorized title, and the church discourages its use.
Mormon is correctly used in proper names such as the Book of Mormon, Mormon Tabernacle Choir or Mormon Trail, or when used as an adjective in such expressions as Mormon pioneers.
The term Mormonism is acceptable in describing the combination of doctrine, culture, and lifestyle unique to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
When referring to people or organizations that practice polygamy, the terms Mormons, Mormon fundamentalist, Mormon dissidents, etc. are incorrect. The AP Stylebook notes: "The term Mormon is not properly applied to the other . . . churches that resulted from the split after [Joseph] Smith's death" (AP Stylebook, "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The").
CIBER The acronym stands for Centers for
International Business Education and Research. Since 2002 the Marriott
School's Whitmore Global Management Center has been designated by the
U.S. Department of Education as a CIBER.
Examples: As a CIBER the Whitmore Global Management Center works toward internationalizing the Marriott School.
class titles Lowercase class titles when followed by
class. Capitalize a class title when it stands alone, is
followed by a numeral, or includes a proper noun.
Examples: I am really struggling with my introduction to accounting class.
co Retain the hyphen when forming nouns, adjectives,
and verbs that indicate occupation or status. The examples below include
several exceptions to the dictionary for the sake of consistency.
Computerworld When writing the name of the
popular magazine, write it as one word, capitalize the C but
not the W, and italicize it.
Example: A recent job satisfaction survey was published by Computerworld.
comma in a series Place a comma after the last
element in a list of two or more items.
Example: Students came from Japan, China, and Korea.
conference The term should be capitalized only if it
is part of an official title.
Example: The eighth annual Management Conference was a success. The conference had more participants than ever before.
See also church .
Example: The anticipated result of this effort—and it is already proving to be correct—is that local students who take these courses will be in a stronger position to find meaningful employment.
Use the em dash to give emphasis or explanation (Chicago 6.88).
Example: MTC missionaries consume 167,000 gallons of milk—the entire production of a three-hundred-cow dairy.
2. En dash (–): Use the en dash to connect continuing, or
inclusive, date, time, or reference numbers (Chicago 6.83).
The en dash is also used in place of a hyphen in a compound adjective
when one of its elements is an open compound or when two or more of its
elements are open or hyphenated compounds (Chicago 6.85).
Examples: the post–World War II years
3. Hyphen (-): Use the hyphen to separate numbers that are not
inclusive, such as telephone numbers and social security numbers (Chicago
Example: He can be reached at (801) 387-3224.
Use the hyphen for compound words and in word division. Refer to the
Merriam-Webster's Dictionary to check which words require
hyphenation (Chicago 5.92–93, 6.81, 7.90).
Examples: He was once a three-term governor.
Place a hyphen before the noun that the following compound adjectives
all- (all-inclusive study but study that is all inclusive)
Place a hyphen in established clichés.
When a prefix stands alone, add a hyphen (Chicago 7.89).
Example: The atrium is both over- and underused by the students.
data Although data has traditionally been
categorized as a plural noun, it is acceptable to use a singular verb
Example: The data is conclusive.
dates The preferred style is day-month-year with no
internal punctuation (Chicago 6.46).
Examples: The conference will begin on 28 August 1999.
When a period of time is identified by month and year, no internal
punctuation is necessary or appropriate.
Example: The next alumni board meeting will be in March 2002.
When a day is mentioned without a month or year, the number is
usually spelled out.
Example: By the twenty-fifth, everyone had left town.
If a year is abbreviated, the first two digits are replaced by an
apostrophe ('), not an opening single quotation mark (‘).
Examples: They celebrated at the Days of '47 parade.
decades Decades should be spelled out (as long as
the century is clear) and lowercased (Chicago 9.37). If
numerals are used, do not include an apostrophe between the numerals and
Examples: I lived through the nineties.
departments Capitalize department when it
is preceded by BYU or Marriott School. Lowercase department
and the department name in all other references (Chicago 8.73).
Examples: The Marriott School Department of Finance will be moving its office next door. The finance department has several new faculty members this year. The department's newest faculty member is Bob Smith. "We are excited to have him," says finance department chair Steve Thorley.
See also Accountancy, School of ; Aerospace Studies, Department of ; Business Management, Department of ; Finance, Department of ; Information Systems, Department of ; majors ; Military Science, Department of ; Organizational Leadership and Strategy, Department of ; Recreation Management, Department of.
different from, different than In general, the
preferred usage is different from. However, different than
is preferred when a clause follows than and in elliptical
constructions (OED p. 341).
Examples: She is not afraid to be different from everyone else.
dot-com Always write this term in two words with a
hyphen. It can be used as an adjective or a noun. When in a title,
capitalize both dot and com.
Example: A large number of students went to work for dot-coms. The dot-com boom of the nineties was bound to crash.
It is generally unnecessary to include the .com suffix for
web-based companies like Amazon and eBay. However, .com should
be included when referring to a specific domain name.
Example: Amazon has quickly become the world's most influential online retailer. Its new web site, amazon.com/giftcards, is making news.
See also URLs .
Example: The Alumni Association is preparing to launch a lifetime, web-based email system that could be used by all BYU graduates.
For email addresses, lowercase everything. Avoid underlining emails
since underscores can be difficult to distinguish.
Example: My email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
Executive MBA In first references, use Executive MBA. In secondary references, use EMBA.
Executive MPA In first references, use Executive MPA. In secondary references, use EMPA.F
Example: Most of the faculty prefer to use hardback books rather than online texts.
Finance, Department of When preceded by BYU
or Marriott School, capitalize and include of. In all
other references, lowercase and use finance department or
simply the department.
Example: The BYU Department of Finance is located here. The finance department is a part of the Marriott School. The department is great.
See also departments.
Fortune 500 Use a capital F and the number
Example: General Electric, a Fortune 500 company, announced plans to merge with Honeywell.
1. Always capitalize the first and last word.
For guidelines on how to capitalize hyphenated compounds, refer to Chicago 8.170.
health care Health care is two words,
unless it's part of a proper noun that uses healthcare.
Information Systems, Department of When preceded by
BYU or Marriott School, capitalize and include of.
In all other references, lowercase and use information systems
department or simply the department.
Example: The BYU Department of Information Systems is located here. The information systems department is a part of the Marriott School. The department is great.
If an abbreviated term is needed, particularly in headlines, use IS . The abbreviation I Sys is only appropriate when referring to course titles. Do not use IS or Info Sys .
See also departments .
institutes Capitalize institute in official
titles, but not in secondary references (Chicago 8.73).
Example: In 1976 the BYU Institute of Retail Management was founded by American Stores. The institute has made many meaningful contributions to the school.
See also Institute of Marketing ; Peery Institute of Financial Services ; Romney Institute of Public Management .
Institute of Marketing Use Institute of Marketing in all references. In secondary references, the institute may also be used. The institute was founded in 1976 by American Stores as the Institute of Retail Management at BYU. In 1997 the institute changed its name and expanded to include retail sales and services as well as marketing.
italics Italicize complete works, such as the titles
of books, magazines, movies, and plays. Italics are also used to set
apart foreign words, words that refer to themselves (ain't
isn't a word), or exclamations. To emphasize a word or phrase, use
italics rather than all caps.
Examples: BusinessWeek's rankings were fair.
See also magazine .
JPEG, GIF, PDF Always capitalize these file name
acronyms unless using them as file extensions.
Examples: Please submit photos as JPEG or GIF files and send text in PDF format.
Jr., Sr. Do not set these off with commas (Chicago 15.19).L
Example: The login box is in the upper right corner of the screen. Go to the Alumni Association web site to log in and register today.
Example: Earning a MAcc is no small feat.
Note: Students admitted to the MAcc program will receive both a BS in accountancy and a MAcc upon graduation.
See also academic degrees and honors ; majors ; program .
magazine For some magazines, it may be necessary to
add magazine to the first reference of the title to ensure
clarity. Do not capitalize or italicize magazine unless it is
part of the official title.
Example: Entrepreneur magazine recently ranked the Marriott School twelfth in the nation in its annual undergraduate program review. The article, in the October 2006 issue of Entrepreneur, compiled rankings for both undergraduate and graduate programs.
See also italics .
majors Always lowercase majors unless they are proper nouns, such as languages. Use the following guidelines on how to refer to various Marriott School areas of study.
Note: The EMBA, EMPA, MISM, BS accountancy, and BS information systems programs do not have majors, minors, or emphases.
See also departments; minors.
MBA Always prefix MBA with an (Chicago
Example: She earned an MBA in 1983 from the Marriott School of Management. She learned a lot from the MBA program.
See also academic degrees and honors ; majors ; program .
Management Society Use BYU Management Society
in first references. Use the Management Society or simply the
society in secondary references. Capitalize Chapter when
referring to a specific chapter but lowercase when used in general
Examples: Many alumni and friends of the school have joined the Management Society. The society was established in 1977.
Marriott Alumni Magazine The Marriott
School's alumni magazine was named Exchange until June 2001
when it was renamed Marriott Alumni Magazine. Quotations from
and references to these publications should reflect this change. Marriott
Alumni Magazine should be spelled out in first reference, but may
be referred to as MAM in subsequent references.
Example: Exchange reported the happenings of the business school professionally for more than two decades. Marriott Alumni Magazine continues this great tradition.
media, medium When medium refers to any
physical material used to store data, such as DVD, disk, tape, or paper,
the plural noun is media, which takes a plural verb. When medium
refers to those who claim to commune with the dead, the plural noun is mediums.
Examples: The best medium for this project is the internet.
The term media (or mass media), when it is used to
refer to the collective group of newspapers, magazines, radio,
television, motion pictures, and the internet, has a singular
connotation and may take a singular verb.
Example: Today's media is quickly becoming overwhelming.
microenterprise Always use as one word and lowercase
the e. The term microenterprise is preferred over microfinance.
If microfinance is part of an official title then it is should
Example: The BYU Department of Military Science is located here. The military science department is a part of the Marriott School. The department is great.
See also Army ROTC ; departments.
minors Always lowercase minors unless they are proper nouns, such as languages. Minors are rarely mentioned unless they directly pertain to an article. Minors offered in the Marriott School are listed below.
See also departments ; majors .
more than Use more than when referring to
amounts and over when referring to spatial relationships.
Examples: We traveled over the river and through the woods.
non Words preceded by non typically don't use hyphens, unless the following word is a proper noun. Refer to Merriam-Webster Dictionary .
numbers Refer to Chicago 9.1–71 for detailed guidelines.
CARDINAL NUMBERS: Spell out the following:
Examples: There are forty-three students in the MPA Class of 1999.
—Any of the whole numbers that are followed by hundred,
thousand, hundred thousand, million, and so on (Chicago
Example: The lecture hall can seat up to four hundred students.
—Any number that begins a sentence (Chicago 9.5).
Often a sentence may need to be recast to avoid awkwardness.
Examples: Two hundred and forty-three students attended the training seminar.
Note that specific numbers like twenty-one, thirty-nine,
forty-seven and so on are hyphenated, whether used alone or as
part of a larger number.
Examples: At age twenty-six he was the youngest CEO to ever head the company.
When spelled-out numbers would cluster thickly in a sentence or
paragraph, it may be better to use numerals.
Example:The ages of the eight members of the city council are 69, 64, 58, 54 (two members), 47, 45, and 35.
Use numerals with million and billion when
referring to specific quantities (AP Stylebook, "millions,
Examples: Total membership should rise to 11.2 million by the end of this year as we usher in the new millennium and should reach at least 18 million by 2020.
MILITARY UNITS: Spell out numerals of one hundred or less designating
military subdivisions (Chicago 9.52). When numerals are used do
not use a superscript for st, etc.
Examples: Seventy-Seventh Regiment
MONEY: Spell out whole numbers one through one hundred. If the number
is spelled out, so is the unit of currency, and if numerals are used, $
or ¢ is used (Chicago 9.23).
Examples: The fare has been raised to twenty-five cents.
ORDINAL NUMBERS: The rule for cardinal numbers applies to ordinal
numbers (Chicago 9.8).
Examples: The students placed second, third, and fourth in a Java programming contest during the conference.
PERCENTAGES: Spell out the word percent in text. It is
acceptable to use the symbol % if numerous percentages are being listed
in a text or if used in tables or graphs (Chicago 9.19).
Examples: The activity level increased by 4.5 percent in one year.
PLURALS: The plurals of spelled-out numbers are formed like the
plurals of other nouns. The plurals of numerals are formed by adding s
alone. (Chicago 9.58).
Examples: The students were in their twenties and thirties.
office Do not capitalize unless part of an official
title (Chicago 8.73; AP Stylebook, "office").
Examples: MBA office
online Do not capitalize, and use as one word with
Example: Candidates can apply online for admission to the MBA program.
Organizational Leadership and Strategy, Department of
When preceded by BYU or Marriott School, capitalize
and include of. In all other references, lowercase and use organizational
leadership and strategy department or simply the department.
Example: The BYU Department of Organizational Leadership and Strategy is located here. The organizational leadership and strategy department is a part of the Marriott School. The department is great.
Avoid the abbreviation OLS .
See also departments .
over See more than .
Example: The Peery Institute of Financial Services was founded and named in 2001.
See also institutes .
PricewaterhouseCoopers In first references, use PricewaterhouseCoopers.
The Big Four accounting firm was formed in 1998 when Pricewaterhouse and
Coopers & Lybrand merged. Avoid the abbreviation PwC.
Examples: Though both Pricewaterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand were begun in London, their founders never foresaw that PricewaterhouseCoopers, the company formed in the 1998 merger, would have nine offices in London alone by the year 2000.
possessives ending with the letter s Use s'
instead of s's.
Examples: James Jones' company is very cutting-edge.
program Do not capitalize (Chicago 8.2).
The only exception within the school is Mentor Program.
Example: The school's Master of Accountancy program is highly ranked.
Example: The BYU Department of Recreation Management is located here. The recreation managemnet department is a part of the Marriott School. The department has four hundred students.
Note: The department transferred to the Marriott School from the College of Health and Human Performance in August 2009.
See also departments .
references to people Use full name in first
references. On following references, use the last name only, or use
personal pronouns he, she, his, or her.
Rollins Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology
In first references, Rollins Center for Entrepreneurship and
Technology is preferred but the full name, Kevin and Debra
Rollins Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology, may also be
used (use and, not &). Whichever name is used, make sure to
maintain consistency within the same publication. In secondary
references, the Rollins Center is preferred but CET
is also acceptable.
Example: The Rollins Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology was created in February 2009 after the merging of the Rollins eBusiness Center and the Center for Entrepreneurship. The Rollins Center promotes a variety of events throughout the year.
See also centers .
Romney Institute of Public Management In first
references, Romney Institute of Public Management is preferred
but the full name, George W. Romney Institute of Public
Management, may also be used. Whichever name is used, make sure to
maintain consistency within the same document. In secondary references,
use the Romney Institute or simply the institute.
Example: The Romney Institute of Public Management was named in 1998 and directs the Marriott School's master of public administration degree.
See also departments ; institutes .
school See Marriott School of Management.
School of Accountancy Always capitalize. Do not use
School of Accounting. Avoid the awkward juxtaposition of the
Marriott School School of Accountancy; if necessary, use BYU
School of Accountancy.
Example: Kevin D. Stocks, director of the School of Accountancy, commented on the award.
See also accounting, accountancy ; departments.
September 11 The term September 11 is
preferred when referring to the day characterized by the terrorist
attacks in New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania in 2001. The term 9/11
is an acceptable abbreviation. When not referring to the historic day,
follow the international date standard: day-month-year (11 September
Examples: the events of September 11
When a day alone is mentioned, spell the ordinal number out.
Example: The tenth will always be important, even as it stands in the shadow cast by the eleventh.
spacing Place only one space after periods and all
other punctuation marks.
Steven and Georgia White Business Career Center In
first references, the full name, Steven and Georgia White Business
Career Center, is preferred but Marriott School Business Career
Center may also be used. Whichever name is used, make sure to
maintain consistency within the same publication. In secondary
references, use the Business Career Center or simply
the career center. Do not use White Business Career Center.
Example: The Steven and Georgia White Business Career Center offers employers a seamless recruiting system. Many students visit the career center for help with job placement.
See also centers .
Tanner Building In first references Tanner
Building is appropriate but the full name, N. Eldon Tanner
Building, may also be used. In general references, lowercase as building.
TNRB may be used when attached with a specific room number.
Avoid the abbreviation Tanner Bldg.
Examples: Please submit your application to 390 TNRB by 5 p.m.
The Princeton Review Do not italicize unless part of
a publication title; always capitalize The. The Princeton
Review is an education services company known for its test-prep courses,
education programs, and graduate school guidebooks. The Princeton Review
is not affiliated with Princeton University and is not a magazine.
Example: The Marriott School is one of the top twenty-five colleges for students looking to start their own business, according to rankings published by Entrepreneur magazine and The Princeton Review.
time Times of day should be referred to with
numerals. In pieces that use o'clock in the text, numbers are
always spelled out. Never use 12 a.m. or 12 p.m. since
they can be misinterpreted; use midnight or noon
Examples: The directors expected the meeting to continue until 3:30 p.m.
See also a.m., p.m.
CAPITALIZATION: Civic, military, religious, and professional titles
and titles of nobility are capitalized when they immediately precede a
personal name and are thus used as part of the name (usually replacing
the title holder's first name). Titles are lowercased when following a
name, used as an apposition, or used in place of a name (Chicago
8.21; Copyeditor's Handbook, p. 154).
Examples: Last month Dean Cornia announced the change.
Terms denoting student status are lowercased (Chicago 8.32).
Examples: freshman Bob Smith
The title is also capitalized if it refers to more than one name.
Examples: Mayors Cermak and Walker
Among professional titles, named academic professorships and
fellowships are usually capitalized wherever they appear, especially if
they are accompanied by a personal name (Chicago 8.31, 8.33).
Examples: Mary M. Warren, Alfred R. Wellman Distinguished Service Professor
PUNCTUATION: Use commas to set off words identifying a title or
position following a person's name.
Example: W. Steve Albrecht, associate dean of the Marriott School, was honored as Accountant of the Year by Beta Alpha Psi, a national professional accounting and business information fraternity.
Example: Colonel Reid Grawe is commander of the Brigham Young University Army Reserve Officer Training Corps Battalion. He joined the university in June 1999.
URLs In most cases, do not include http://
or www before a web site. These designations are no longer
necessary. When used with other contact information—phone, fax,
and email—web is preferred.
Example: External Relations Office
LINE BREAKS: If a URL needs to be broken at the end of a line, the
break should be made after a double slash (//) or a single
slash (/); before a tilde (~), a period, a comma, a hyphen (-),
an underscore (_), a question mark, a number sign, or a percent symbol;
or before or after an equals sign or an ampersand (&). A
hyphen should never be added to a URL to denote a line break (Chicago
6.17, 7.44, 17.11).
PUNCTUATION: If a URL ends a sentence, include a period after the
URL. Do not set off a URL with angle brackets or quotes.
Example: Visit us on the web at marriottschool.byu.edu.
See also dot-com .
U.S.News & World Report When spelling
out the entire name of the popular magazine, there is no space between U.S.
and News and the entire name is italicized. When referring to
the publication simply as U.S. News, there is a space between
the two words and italics are not used.
Examples: U.S.News & World Report is a weekly national newsmagazine devoted largely to reporting and analyzing national and international affairs, politics, and business. U.S. News is available online at usnews.com.
Example: Thomas Jones, vice president, was trained by the company's president.
Example: The Marriott School was recently named one of The Wall Street Journal's ten "hidden gems." The journal went on to explain the benefits of the program.
Washington, D.C. Place periods and no spaces between
the D and C. Enclose D.C. in commas (Chicago
Example: Dr. Steven Johnson was invited to Washington, D.C., to speak at an entrepreneurship conference.
web Lowercase in all references, except when used as
proper nouns and at the beginning of sentences.
Examples: I like to surf the web in my spare time.
web site Use as two words and lowercase web
Example: The Marriott School launched its new web site in August 1999.
Whitmore Global Management Center In first
references, Whitmore Global Management Center is preferred but
the full name, Kay and Yvonne Whitmore Global Management Center,
may also be used (use and, not &). Whichever name is used,
make sure to maintain consistency within the same publication. In
secondary references, use the Whitmore Center or simply the
center. Also, GMC may be used in email and URL addresses.